Galvanized steel is one of the main materials used in the manufacturing and design of different types of industrial components. In this article we will explain the different uses of galvanized steel and its main characteristics.

Main characteristics of galvanized steel

This type of steel is formed by a layer of zinc, from which it is possible to achieve extra protection against atmospheric corrosion. This process was investigated by an Italian doctor and physicist, known as Luigi Galvini. He realized that it was possible to coat one metal with another, causing the one with the greater charge to be deposited on the one with the lesser charge. The galvanizing process is still an electrochemical, allowing the different layers of metal to be coated.

Its main use is the manufacture of industrial components, such as metal shelving. As time goes by, it is more and more common that you find home furnishings manufactured through different types of galvanizing processes. One of its main benefits is to give all products a much more modern and attractive touch.

Galvanized steel furniture - Ferros Texar Blog
Image of La Fabrica Furniture

Steel is a material made up of an alloy of carbon and iron. In the case of galvanizing, a final treatment is given with different layers of zinc. Through this procedure it is possible to achieve a much more durable finish, offering greater resistance against scratches and a layer of protection against oxidation. For this reason, it is not surprising that its use has grown in recent years, according to latest data from the Spanish Galvanizing Association.

A material that began to be used in the XNUMXth century

The first stages of history already stand out for the use of different minerals such as copper, bronze or iron, among others. However, corrosion was one of the main problems of using this type of materials. The first solution came in 1742 from the Frenchman Malouin.

This chemist was able to demonstrate that immersion of steel in zinc offered a truly effective layer of protection. Subsequently, Stanislaus Sorel was the person in charge of developing an economic procedure to put it into practice in 1836. In this sense, the galvanization process as such has already been active for 200 years, so it is completely perfected.

The main types of galvanizing that you can find

Currently, it is possible manufacture Galvanised steel through different types of procedures. Some of the most notable are the following:

  • Hot dip galvanized: With this option, the steel is immersed with the zinc until it reaches a temperature between 435 and 450 degrees. At these levels it is possible to melt both types of metal, achieving an almost perfect fusion process. Throughout this process, several layers of alloy are created, with the aim of achieving the optimal thickness. It is the type of galvanized that offers greater resistance, so it is advisable to choose it when they are products that you are going to use outdoors.
  • Cold galvanized: To use this technique it is necessary to use paints that have a high percentage of zinc. It can be used to protect certain products, or to repair cuts or burns. However, the layer that ends up being produced is thinner. In this sense, its resistance to shocks is also lower.
  • Zinc plated: Finally, the steel is coated with zinc, transferring different metal ions. To do this, you need to include special equipment allowing continuous current flow to create the galvanized layer. Although the layer of protection created will be smaller, a more aesthetic finish will be achieved.

Main advantages of galvanized steel and its applications

Carrying out this galvanizing process on steel is highly recommended and provides a series of advantages that you should take into account. For a start, offers enormous resistance to corrosion. In this way, moisture, chlorides and sulfides will not penetrate the steel.

Additionally, it is a high resistance material. In fact, it is estimated that in environments with high corrosion it can last up to 25 years. However, in more normal places, its useful life can reach 100 or 150 years.

Its aesthetic and shiny finish also It is an element to take into account. In addition, this appearance is maintained over time, so the maintenance you will have to give it will be minimal. His manageability and simplicity It is also another of its benefits. You can solder, screw or paint with all types of parts. Likewise, it is also possible to recycle it without any problem.

A steel with a wide variety of properties

However, its properties go much further. It stands out for being a material with enormous ductility, and high strength against any type of mechanical damage. Is highly resistant to all types of traction, as well as with good elasticity and elongation. Therefore, its versatility makes it an ideal option so that you can use it in multiple projects, ensuring very good results.

In general terms, The main uses of galvanized steel take place in the industry and construction sector. For example, this material is present in products such as sheets, steel wires, pipes, screws or nuts. However, its applications also reach bridges, roads or beams. It can also be used as raw material for electrical equipment or different types of construction accessories.

Conclusion, the uses of galvanized steel They are very varied in the industrial and construction sector. It is a truly versatile and versatile material that offers great results for any type of project. At Ferros Texar we have extensive experience handling this type of material. CONTACT US and receive a quote in a completely personalized way and adapted to your needs.